Calah Inscriptions

As was the custom of Assyrian kings, Tiglath-Pileser III inscribed his annals in word and picture on stone slabs that lined the palace walls. In the closeup of the example above, the cuneiform inscription of the text of the annals can be seen. The location of the battle scene is not known for sure. The prisoners in the lower scene are believed to be from the city of Astartu in Jordan.

From Tiglath-Pileser III Annalistic Records Published by P. Rost, Die Keilinschrifttexte Tiglat-Pilesers III nach den Papierabklatschen und Originalen des Britischen Museums. (Leipzig, 1893).

Third Year, Rost, op cit., Pls xx-xxi, text, pp. 19-23. Translation: Luckenbill, AR, I, sect 770.

[In] the (subsequent) course of my campaign [I received] the tribute of the kin[gs... A]zriau from Iuda (Ia-ú-da-a-a), like a [ . . . Azr]iau from Iuda in ... countless, (reaching) sky high... eyes, like from heaven ... by means of an attack with foot soldiers. . . . He heard [about the approach of the] massed [armies of] Ashur and was afraid. ... I tore down, destroyed and burnt [down ... for Azri]au they had annexed, they (thus) had reinforced him . . . like vine/trunks ... was very difficult...- was barred and high ... was situated and its exit... I made deep ... I surrounded his garrisons [with earthwork], against,... I made them carry [the corvee-basket] and . . . his great . . . like a pot [I did crush ... ] (lacuna of three lines) ... Azriau ... a royal palace of my own [I built in his city . . . ] tribute like that [for Assyrian citizens I imposed upon them ... ] the city Kul[lani... ] his ally ... the cities Usnu, Siannu, Si[mirra], Ra[sh]puna which are on the se[acoa]st as well as the cities up to the mountain Saue, the mountain which abuts on the Lebanon proper; the mountain Ba’li-Sapuna as far as the Amanus, the Boxwood-tree Mountain (in short) the entire Sau-country; the provinces of Kar-Adad, Hatarikka, the province of Nuqudina, the mountain Hasu as well as the (smaller) cities in its vicinity, the town Ara (and) the cities on both sides of them as well as the cities in their vicinity, the mountain Sarbua—the entire mountain,—the towns Ashhani (and) Iadabi, the mountain Iaraqu—the entire mountain,—the towns . . . Illitarbi, Zitanu as far as Atinni,... Bumami—(together) 19 districts belonging to Hamath and the cities in their vicinity which are (situated) at the coast of the Western Sea and which they had (unlawfully) taken away for Azriau, I restored to the territory of Assyria. An officer of mine I installed as governor over them. [I deported] 30,300 inhabitants from their cities and settled them in the province of the town Ku[ . . . ]; 1,223 inhabitants I settled in the province of the Ullaba country.

Pritchard, J.B., editor; Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 282-3. Copyright ©1950, 1955, 1969 by Princeton University Press. Reprinted by permission of Princeton University Press.